Topography

Authors: Go Chengdu

2014-07-23

Geographically, Chengdu belongs to the monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate region and there are plenty of heat and precipitation, clear seasonal changes, rains and heat in the same season.
Due to its glorious ancient Shu civilization and the leisurely culture that has endured the test of time, Chengdu has become the door by way of which westerners can step through to discover the mysteries hidden in western China. Chengdu has a resident population of 14.18 million. Within its jurisdiction are nine districts and seven satellites cities.
Chengdu’s topography is diverse but situated in an orderly and parallel manner. From the west to the east these are medium and high mountain areas, mountain-side low hill areas, high plateaus, low mountain areas and low hill areas. Longmen Mountain and Qionglai Mountain towers over the northwest, Longquan Mountain diagonally dissects the southeast, Changqiu Mountain crosses the south, forming a natural barrier that shields the Chengdu Plain. Between the plain and the mountains are transitional regions with low hills, and the low hills to the east of Longquan Mountain are classified as central Sichuan low hill region.
Geographically, Chengdu belongs to the monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate region and there are plenty of heat and precipitation, clear seasonal changes, rains and heat in the same season, with about 1,000mm rain annually. Apart from the mountainous region in the northwest, most region has similar climate characteristics: summer and winters that are not too harsh, mild weather, long summers and short winters, long snow-free periods, high humidity, slow winds, lots of clouds and fogs, few sunshine, and the annual average temperature around 15 ~ 16°C.
Chengdu has abundant forestry resources and the city has about 38% forest coverage. Most of these forests are located at the heads of the tributaries in the Minjiang and Tuojiang Rivers networks and are close to the city center, which is ideal for hydrologic management and functions as a natural ecologic barrier of the city.
The unique topography bestows Chengdu and surrounding areas with a significant biological variety. Unique and rare plants include ginkgo, Chinese dove tree, Machilus nees , Lindera communis and others, as well as more than 860 types of Chinese medicinal materials like Sichuan lovage rhizome, Curcuma longa L, Chinese plum and Coptis chinensis Franch. There are various species of vertebrates and national key protected species include the giant panda, red panda, golden snub-nosed monkey, takin and others.

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